Located in Biscayne Bay, Coconut Grove, Florida, Kampong contains a fascinating array of tropical fruit and flower trees. Named after the Malay and Javanese words for villages and homes, Kampong is a famous botanical explorer who traveled to Southeast Asia and other tropical regions to collect the exotic plants introduced to the United States. , The former territory of Dr. David Fairchild.
The Kampong Planting Heritage collection from Southeast Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and other tropical regions is an exotic fruit horny region that includes more than 50 varieties of candle fruit, peanut butter fruit, egg fruit, coco plum and mango. Is producing. Numerous palm, cycad and flower tree species are being studied by scientists around the world. Kampong has become a popular spot for plant lovers of all ages, as the main campus of NTBG’s educational courses and as a living classroom used in college and college botany and horticultural courses.
Kampong started not as a botanical garden, but as a personal collection that began with Dr. David Fairchild’s love and scientific interest in ornamental, edible and folk plants. Dr. Catherine Sweeney continued to develop the collection in her spirit. The collection includes a diverse array of tropical and warm subtropical plants, including tropical fruits, palms, flowering trees, flowering shrubs, and climbing plants.
There are many varieties of fruit trees such as avocados, citrus fruits and mangoes.
Most of the Palm family specimens in Kampong were collected by Dr. Fairchild or sent by his colleagues. One of the first palms Dr. Fairchild was attracted to on the site was the Royal Palm, native to South Florida.
Many tropical and warm subtropical flowers and trees are planted in the garden, many of which are now part of the horticultural landscape of South Florida. Among them are Triplaris cummingiana, also known as the Long John and ant trees. Native to the Amazon, it is tall, has a relatively small canopy, and has gorgeous inflorescences. Unlike other legumes, flowers do not have petals, so they cannot bloom. The brightly colored sepals change from yellow to orange to red, with fragrant, sessile tufted flowers. Other trees of the genus Saraka include Saraka Typensis and Saraka de Clinata, which enhance the luxury of nature.
At the entrance, drive visitors through the roots of a giant banyan fig, Ficus rope-like stanchion, at eye level. Nearby is Ficus religiosa, the most sacred tree in Buddhism. The ivy-like vine that clings to the walls of the purlin and produces figs like wedding bells is Ficus pumila.
Over the past few years, Kampong has expanded its collection of Araceae (Araceae). The philodendron botanical collection forms a “study garden” where students can see many of these non-climbing species in one place. Currently, 10 of the 17 species are stored.
The genus Bamboo is the fastest growing and most versatile “woody” plant in the world. The tensile strength of the fibers of the vascular bundle is nearly twice that of iron. Among them, there are 18 “Gunsei Bamboo”. Although it is regarded as a “gift of the gods” in “Kampong” in Southeast Asia, it has a wide range of uses such as architecture, art, and fishing rods.